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Basil in hydroponics

Basil is a popular herb that can be easily grown in hydroponic systems. The pH and TDS (total dissolved solids) requirements can vary depending on the specific variety of basil being grown, but here are some general guidelines for growing basil in hydroponics:

  • pH: The pH range for growing basil in hydroponics should be between 5.5 and 6.5.
  • TDS: The recommended TDS level for basil during the vegetative stage is around 1000 to 1500 ppm, while during the flowering stage, it should be between 1500 to 2000 ppm.

The following are the general steps for growing basil in hydroponics:

  1. Seed Germination: Germinate basil seeds in a separate tray or propagator. Once the seedlings have 2-3 leaves, they can be transplanted to the hydroponic system.
  2. Hydroponic System: There are different types of hydroponic systems that can be used for growing basil, such as deep water culture, nutrient film technique, or drip irrigation. Choose the system that works best for you.
  3. Nutrient Solution: Use a balanced nutrient solution that contains all the essential nutrients that basil requires, such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, and magnesium.
  4. Lighting: Provide sufficient light to the plants, at least 14-16 hours per day. Basil requires a lot of light to grow.
  5. Temperature and Humidity: The ideal temperature for growing basil is between 20°C to 30°C, and the relative humidity should be between 50% to 70%.
  6. Harvesting: Basil can be harvested when the plants have at least 6 to 8 sets of leaves. Pinch off the top of the plant to encourage bushy growth.

As for the requirements for each state in India, it is difficult to give a comprehensive answer as the pH and TDS levels can vary depending on the specific variety of basil, the type of hydroponic system, and other environmental factors. However, the guidelines mentioned above are generally applicable across different regions.

In terms of the time required to grow basil in hydroponics, it can take around 6 to 8 weeks from seed to harvest, depending on the specific variety and growing conditions.